Homo Sapiens and Neanderthals

A few years ago, sensational archaeological findings were made in a cave in Poland. Two bones were found from a child, a neanderthal. The assessment is that the child, who was 5 to 7 years old, lived for about 115,000 years ago and it is the oldest find of a man in Poland. Today’s science states that the neanderthals immigrated in that area of ​​current Poland about 300,000 years ago and then lived in that area until about 35,000 years ago. Scientists are absolutely sure that are bones from a neanderthal human. Even the determination of age of the finding is quite exact. The bone remains were very porous and it has therefore been concluded that the child’s body must have passed through the digestive system of a huge ancient bird. No other explanation is available. Of course, it can not be determined whether the child was eaten alive or if the bird was eating on a carcass. The bones are each less than one centimeter long and no DNA has been found to be analyzed. The fact that the bones were found in a cave does not with certainty mean that the neanderthals lived in the cave. It may have been a temporary place or it may have been predators who used the cave as a shelter.

This year, it has also been published a report about findings in the Nefud desert in Saudi Arabia. Six bones from the fingers of a human being was found. The age determination states that the findings is 85,000 – 90,000 years old. It is not a neanderthal, but a homo sapiens. The finding is sensational because science has so far made the assessment that the first homo sapiens must have emigrated from Africa about 60,000 years ago and then settled along the coasts. The new findings, however, clarifies that the emigration must have taken place at least 25,000 years earlier and that at least a group of people must at that time have lived in the area that is now desert. One theory is that homo sapiens emigrated from Africa in a number of different waves at very different times. The sensational findings shows that they are bones from a long finger of a homo sapiens. However, the bones in the fingers have no better durability than other bones in the human body. It is therefore a mere coincidence that the two findings consist of just small pieces of a human finger.

Om Arwidson

Jurist bosatt och verksam i Stockholm
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